Classically produced laminate flooring is made up of three layers:
The decorative paper is what gives the laminate flooring its individual appearance. There is a wide range of highly authentic wood reproductions, but the large variety of interesting tile designs and creative décors should not be forgotten either. The wear layer is provided by the melamine resin, a highly wear resistant material that makes laminate flooring so hard wearing.
The core of the laminate floor is provided by the core layer. As its name suggests, this supports the decorative paper and the overlay, and of course the people who later walk on the floor. The core layer is made of compressed wood fibres, which is differentiated by HDF (High Density Fibreboard) or MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard) depending upon its density degrees. A variety of other different papers can also be inserted between the core layer and the decorative paper, e.g. a footstep sound insulation layer.
The stabilizing layer, a compact elastic paper, makes up the bottom layer of laminate flooring and is what gives the floor its stability.
Laminate flooring is produced in board form. The production process involves the individual layers in the laminate floor being pressed together under high pressure and at high temperature.
Beside the classically produced laminate flooring with an overlay of melamin resin there is also directly printed laminate flooring, with which the core layer is directly printed with the décor and lacquered finally, electron-beamed-hardened flooring and laminate flooring with a foil-surface.