Linoleum is a floor covering made from solidified linseed oil (linoxyn) in combination with wood flour or cork dust over a burlap or canvas backing. Pigments may be added to the materials used. The name is a concoction of the “lin” from linseed and “oleum” from oil. So this material is absolutely environmentally friendly. Linoleum is durable, hygienic, pleasantly looking material with low-heat conductivity. It is water and moisture resistant, sound-proof and easy to cut and bend. It is produced with a variety of colors. Linoleum is applied for floor covering. Having a thick base, it’s considered warm. Linoleum is easily washed with water, but is afraid of acids, alkalies, soda and mineral oils. The material is most commonly used in kitchens and entry rooms, though it can be used anywhere in the house.
Linoleum floors contain virtually no trace of toxic material and is naturally beneficial to air quality.
Linoleum contains no heavy metals, the ETC finish used to optimize the maintenance properties of Linoleum is water-based.
Linoleum is made from natural materials so there is no off gassing. Linoleum’s natural bactericidal and anti-static properties reduce the presence of dust and dirt and the subsequent growth of household mites and/or bacteria. There is also no build-up of dirt-attracting static electricity.
Linoleum is multiple layer floor covering, usually consisting of 5 layers joined together.
The first layer – is the transparent upper layer. Actually it is polyurethane resin, protecting covering from abrasion. Thickness of the upper layer determines durability and abrasion resistance of linoleum.
The second layer – colored. The pattern is adjusted to it.
The third layer, consisting of expanded polyvinyl chloride, creates surface prominence due to a special treatment. Anyway this effect can be achieved by use of a special mold.
The fourth layer is PVC (polyvinyl chloride) on fiberglass. Due to it linoleum acquires plasticity and becomes resistant to twisting, stretching and other mechanical impacts.
The fifth layer also consists of expanded polyvinyl chloride. It guarantees smoothness and softness of a covering. Due to it the covering is pleasant to step on, easy to wash and is resistant to dirt.
There are different types of linoleum: PVC (usually installed into dwellings), colloxylin, rubber, alkyd etc.
Besides, there is single- and multiple layer linoleum with a hardening base: cloth, glassine, heat and sound insulating.
Linoleum designs are also very wide: wide range of colors, patterns and decorations.
Linoleum coverings are usually sold in rolls with width from 1.5 to 5 m and with thickness of 5 mm. Linoleum of average thickness (2.5mm) and length (3m) is usually laid in a living space.
Dimensions: width 5 m x length 12 m x thickness 3.5 mm This type of linoleum has an esthetic look due to various color designs.
So, you can easily choose a more suitable type for any kind of a room. PVC linoleum is environmentally friendly, safe for health and, therefore, suitable for a living space. Keep it from excessive moisture, oils and abrasives.
Dimensions: width 3 m x roll length 20 m x thickness 3 mm
Alkyd linoleum has a cloth base. Polymer mass with glycerin, anhydride and modifying additives are used for its manufacture. Color design also differs.
Colloxylin linoleum (cellulose nitrate) is a single layer material, i.e. baseless. It can be easly recognized among the other linoleum types by a red or brown shade. It has a high flexibility even under low temperatures. Its only drawback is combustibility and flammability.
Rubber linoleum is multi-layer material. The upper layer consists of colored rubber, the lower – a mixture of bitumen and cracked excesses of old rubber. The lower layer is laid onto heat and sound insulating base. This type of linoleum can be compared with a standard carpet by its dimensions. It is characterized by high operational properties: moisture resistance, chemical agents resistance and sound proof. This type of linoleum is laid into places with a high moisture level, where no other type of linoleum can be applied.